The Bijoliya Movement lead by Vijay Singh Pathik
Bijoliya was a Thikana in Mewar and had a population around 1200 in 1891. In 1897, a large number of farmers had gathered at Girdharpura in Bijoliya to participate in the traditional death feast (Mausar) at the house of Dhakad Gangaram whose father had passed away a few days ago. The peasants protested against the arbitrary imposition of logats and were granted same relief in 1904 which were, however with drawn by Kishan Singh’s successor Prithiv Singh who ascended on the Gaddi in 1906. As the representations of the peasants brought no result, they decided to leave then lands and migrated to neighboring states of Gwalior and Bundi. After Prithvi Singh’s death. The Jagir went under the court of wards.
In 1913 one Sita ram Sadhu reorganized the peasant movement by calling upon the cultivators not to till their fields or pay any taxes or ceases to the Thikana authorities till their demands were met. There were 86 different taxes on peasants against which peasants revolted. The peasants refused to do 'begar' (free work) and held back the taxes. The no tax movement at Bijoliya took place before the Champaran Indigo Satyagraha. Secondly, it was started in Princely States
To give impetus to the movement Sita Ram sadhu met Vijay Singh Pathik and urged upon him to lead the peasant movements. Pathik came to Bijoliya in 1915-16 A.D. Opened a school, a library where the people could read the newspapers which brought in them greater awareness, and organized the Panchayats. Due to his strong personality and methodical efforts, the news of the Bijolia movement began to appear in the national in the newspapers.
In May 1921, the peasants of Begun were subjected to very harsh treatment by the Thikana officials. But the spirit of the Kisans remained high.
Bijolia agreement in February, 1922 provided for considerable reduction in logats and other taxes. Thus at begun, the land revenue was reduced from ½ to 1/3. The British did not take any interest in the implementation of the terms of agreement. Movements in Rajasthan during this period, the Bijoliya movement exercised greatest influence on other peasant movements and attracted widest attention. It was a test case of non-violent passive resistance movement which continued for a much longer period than a similar in British India.
Vijay Singh Pathik was leading this movement from the front and become the ultimate hero of the movement.
Pathikji’s non-cooperation movement was so successful that Lokmanya Tilak wrote a letter to Maharana Fateh Singh (Ruler of Mewar that time) to meet the demand of the Bijoliya agitators. Mahatma Gandhi sent his secretary Mahadev Desai to study the movement.It was Pathikji who fought for the cause of united Rajasthan and had taken up the issue with Prime Minister Nehru and Sardar Patel. He jailed for having led the Kisan agitation in Bijoliya.The Kisan Panchayat, Mahila Mandal and Yuvak Mandal invited Pathik to come and lead them.Women of Mewar started to get respect from their folk men.Pathik made people feel that women and men equality is necessary to develop a prosperous society.It was he who used word "Rajasthan " for the state, Before his come to Rajasthan it was known as Rajputana. JAI PATHIK